Acetyl-l-carnitine and N-acetyl-l-cysteine


Are nutritional supplements derived from naturally occurring amino acids. Although they share somewhat similar names, these antioxidant supplements have markedly different properties and effects.


Acetyl-l-carnitine, or ALCAR, is synthesized from carnitine, while N-acetyl-l-cysteine, or NAC, is derived from the amino acid cysteine. They are used to treat a wide variety of medical conditions. Both are also used by weightlifters and athletes who believe these supplements help enhance performance and build muscle.




Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate is a dietary supplement consisting of the amino acid arginine -- a building block of protein -- and alpha-ketoglurate, a compound that breaks down sugars and amino acids.

AAKG may boost athletic performance, but evidence from large studies is lacking. The journal Nutrition published two small double-blinded studies in its September 2006 issue that showed positive results. The study participants were healthy men between the ages of 30 and 50. Researchers found that supplementing with AAKG increased arginine levels and beneficially influenced peak power output on wingate and bench press tests.

B1 - Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)


Vitamin B1, thiamin, or thiamine, enables the body to use carbohydrates as energy. It is essential for glucose metabolism, and it plays a key role in nerve, muscle, and heart function. Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin, as are all vitamins of the B complex.

People take thiamine for conditions related to low levels of thiamine (thiamine deficiency syndromes), including beriberi and inflammation of the nerves (neuritis) associated with pellagra or pregnancy.

Thiamine is also used for digestive problems including poor appetite, ulcerative colitis, and ongoing diarrhea.

Thiamine is also used for AIDS and boosting the immune system, diabetic pain, heart disease, alcoholism, aging, a type of brain damage called cerebellar syndrome, canker sores, vision problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, motion sickness, and improving athletic performance. Other uses include preventing cervical cancer and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Some people use thiamine for maintaining a positive mental attitude; enhancing learning abilities; increasing energy; fighting stress; and preventing memory loss, including Alzheimer's disease.


B2 - Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)


Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B₂, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement. Food sources include eggs, green vegetables, milk and other dairy product, meat, mushrooms, and almonds. Some countries require its addition to grains.

Riboflavin is a vitamin that is needed for growth and overall good health. It helps the body break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats to produce energy, and it allows oxygen to be used by the body.

“Riboflavin is also used for the development and function of the skin, lining of the digestive tract, blood cells and other vital organs,” Dr. Sherry Ross, women’s health expert at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California, told Live Science.

Vitamin B2 is also important for eye health. According to the University of Michigan, this vitamin is needed to protect glutathione, which is an important antioxidant in the eye. The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) reports that eating a diet rich in riboflavin can lower the risk of developing cataracts. Taking supplements containing riboflavin and niacin may also be helpful in preventing cataracts.


B3 - Vitamin B3 (Niacin)


Niacin, also known as vitamin B3, is an important nutrient. In fact, every part of your body needs it to function properly. As a supplement, niacin may help lower cholesterol, ease arthritis and boost brain function, among other benefits. Niacin helps convert food into energy by aiding enzymes. Specifically, niacin is a major component of NAD and NADP, two coenzymes involved in cellular metabolism.


Furthermore, it plays a role in cell signalling and making and repairing DNA, in addition to acting as an antioxidant. It can help reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, both of which are involved in atherosclerosis, or the hardening of your arteries. Some research indicates that niacin therapy — either alone or in combination with statins — could help lower the risk of health problems related to heart disease.

B5 - Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)


Vitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, is one of the most important vitamins for human life. It's necessary for making blood cells, and it helps you convert the food you eat into energy. Vitamin B5 is one of eight B vitamins. All B vitamins help you convert the protein, carbohydrates, and fats you eat into energy.

Pantothenic acid is vital in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; for healthy skin; and is used in the synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA), an enzyme that participates in a variety of reactions in the body, especially the breaking down of fatty acids.


Pantothenic acid deficiency is a rare but serious condition that can cause numbness and burning sensations in the hands and feet as well as headaches, fatigue, and insomnia. Since pantothenic acid is involved in a wide variety of biological functions, deficiencies of the vitamin may not be easily identified or may be masked by other nutrient deficiencies.

B6 - Vitamin B6



Our bodies use B vitamins to convert the food we eat into the energy we need to function. Together the complex of eight B vitamins are important for metabolism, brain and liver function, growth, and building blood cells, as well as for maintaining healthy hair, skin, and vision.


More specifically, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) — one of the eight — plays key roles in keeping the brain and nervous system functioning properly, says Sonya Angelone, RDN, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. “Vitamin B6 is involved in production of hemoglobin, the protein in blood that carries oxygen throughout the body.”

B7 - Vitamin B7 (Biotin)


Biotin is a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of:

·        Fatty acids, a type of molecule found in fats and oils

·        Leucine, an essential amino acid that humans cannot synthesize

·        Gluconeogenesis, the synthesis of glucose from molecules that are not carbohydrates, for example, amino and fatty acids


Coenzymes are substances that enhance an enzyme's action. Coenzymes cannot trigger or speed up a biological reaction, but they help enzymes do so.

B9 - Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)


Vitamin B9 - otherwise known as Folate (naturally occurring in foods) or Folic Acid (a synthetic folate compound used in vitamin supplements because of its increased stability). The name comes from ‘folium’, which is the Latin word for leaves, because folates were first isolated from spinach.

Folate deficiency is one of the commonest vitamin deficiencies. It can result from inadequate intake, defective absorption, abnormal metabolism or increased requirements such as when pregnant or breastfeeding. Pregnant and breast-feeding women are at a higher risk of vitamin B9 deficiency due to rapid tissue growth during pregnancy and to losses through the milk during breast-feeding, an increased folate/folic acid intake is therefore required.

Together with Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12 it also helps control blood levels of the amino acid homocysteine which is associated with certain chronic conditions such as heart disease.

B12 - Vitamin B12



We get B12 from animal products such as meat, fish, milk and eggs. However, you may be struggling to get enough through a healthy diet as it is notoriously hard to absorb through the gut. It is one of the water soluble B vitamins which is bound to protein within food. Vitamin B12 is essential for the formation of red blood cells and the development and normal functioning of the brain and nervous system, particularly those aspects which determine concentration, learning, memory and reasoning.


It has also been proven to help reduce tiredness and fatigue. It’s necessary for keeping your nerves healthy and supporting the production of DNA and red blood cells, as well as maintaining normal brain function. Vitamin B12 is a key nutrient that your body needs for many essential functions.



Bitter Orange


Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) is the type of orange commonly used to make orange marmalade. Also known as Seville orange and bigarade orange, it lives up to its name as one of the most tart and pungent citrus fruits.


While the fruit and rind can be used for preserves and dessert, the peel and flower are often distilled to make bitter orange oil. The oil, used to make liqueurs such as Cointreau, Triple Sec, and Grand Marnier, are also believed to have medicinal properties.


Bitter orange is grown throughout the Mediterranean as well as parts of Florida and the Bahamas. In Chinese medicine, it is referred to as zhishi. When used for aromatherapy, bitter orange essential oil is believed to increase concentration and improve mood and fatigue.


It is said that Bitter orange oils, extracts, and supplements are used by alternative practitioners for a variety of health purposes, including:

·        Weight loss

·        Indigestion

·        Fungal skin infections

·        Athletic performance

·        Diabetes

·        High blood pressure


In addition, bitter orange is believed by some to treat angina, allergies, insomnia, nasal congestion, nerve pain, poor appetite, and liver and gallbladder problems. Many of the benefits are attributed to a compound in bitter orange known as synephrine. Synephrine has a similar chemical composition to ephedra (a substance used for performance enhancement) as well as similar stimulant and thermogenic (heat-generating) properties.


Bitter orange is probably best studied for its role in weight loss. It is commonly marketed as an oral supplement or is often co-formulated with other so-called "fat burners" or "metabolism boosters" 


Georgetown University concluded that bitter orange supplements, whether used on their own or in co-formulated products, did significantly increase the resting metabolic rate (RMR) in users compared to those given a placebo. Bitter orange has been used to treat a range of digestive disorders for over 2,000 years in traditional Chinese medicine. Amazonian natives also commonly use it to relieve nausea and indigestion.

C - Vitamin C

Vitamin C is one of the safest and most effective nutrients, experts say. It may not be the cure for the common cold (though it's thought to help prevent more serious complications). But the benefits of vitamin C may include protection against immune system deficiencies, cardiovascular disease, prenatal health problems, eye disease, and even skin wrinkling.

A recent study published in Seminars in Preventive and Alternative Medicine that looked at over 100 studies over 10 years revealed a growing list of benefits of vitamin C. "Vitamin C has received a great deal of attention, and with good reason. Higher blood levels of vitamin C may be the ideal nutrition marker for overall health," says study researcher Mark Moyad, MD, MPH, of the University of Michigan.


"The more we study vitamin C, the better our understanding of how diverse it is in protecting our health, from cardiovascular, cancerstrokeeye health [and] immunity to living longer."




Caffeine is most commonly used to improve mental alertness, but it has many other uses. Caffeine is used by mouth or rectally in combination with painkillers (such as aspirin and acetaminophen) and a chemical called ergotamine for treating migraine headaches. It is also used with painkillers for simple headaches and preventing and treating headaches after epidural anesthesia. Caffeine is one of the most commonly used stimulants among athletes.

Caffeine anhydrous


Caffeine is a naturally occurring substance found in approximately 60 different plant species. To be found in:


  • dark roast java (coffee beans)

  • green tea (tea leaves)

  • dark chocolate (cacao)


Caffeine anhydrous is derived from these plants. The other chemical components of the plants along with any water are filtered out in a laboratory, resulting in a white crystalline powder called caffeine anhydrous. Caffeine works the same way whether it's from a natural source or caffeine anhydrous. It's a sneaky impersonator of another chemical in your brain—a neurotransmitter called adenosine. When adenosine latches on to certain receptors in the brain, it makes you slow down and feel sleepy.


That mid-afternoon lull that you hit? You can thank adenosine for that. But caffeine is structurally similar to adenosine. When you ingest caffeine, it attaches to those same receptors and prevents as much adenosine from binding. This keeps you feeling awake and alert longer. Caffeine—anhydrous or natural—is well established as a performance enhancer. Numerous studies and reviews have found that caffeine enhances endurance performance in activities like running and cycling.


A meta-analysis in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition found that caffeine also improved certain muscular strength and power measurements. This safety level is applicable for either natural or anhydrous caffeine. A 400-milligram daily dosage of caffeine is equivalent to about four cups of home-brewed coffee, or two caffeine anhydrous pills that contain 200 milligrams each.


Calcium is a mineral that is necessary for life. In addition to building bones and keeping them healthy,calcium enables our blood to clot, our muscles to contract, and our heart to beat. About 99% of the calcium in our bodies is in our bones and teeth.

We all know calcium is essential for healthy bones and teeth, but did you know it's just as vital for adults as it is for children? Calcium is crucial for energy, muscle function and normal blood clotting, irrespective of your age. 'We tend to assume calcium is something children need to load up on while their bones and teeth are developing, but we all need calcium every day to keep our bodies as strong as possible for as long as possible,' says Helen Bond, state registered dietitian and spokesperson for British Dietetic Association.

Citrulline Malate

Citrulline is an amino acid that was first found in watermelon. It is considered nonessential, meaning that your body can naturally produce some on its own. However, you can increase your levels by eating foods containing citrulline or by taking dietary supplements, rather than relying on your body's production alone.


These higher levels may produce beneficial effects on health and exercise performance, as discussed later in this article. Citrulline has important roles in the body, but unlike some amino acids, it is not used to build proteins.


However, it plays a necessary part in the urea cycle, which rids your body of harmful compounds. Specifically, the urea cycle removes ammonia from the body. The final product of this cycle is urea, which your body gets rid of in urine. Citrulline can also help widen your blood vessels and may play a role in muscle building.

CLA - Conjugated linoleic acid


(CLA) is a fatty acid found in meat and dairy that is believed to have various health benefits. It is also a popular weight loss supplement. Linoleic acid is the most common omega-6 fatty acid, found in large amounts in vegetable oils but also in various other foods in smaller amounts. CLA is essentially a type of polyunsaturated, omega-6 fatty acid. In other words, it’s technically a trans fat — but a natural type of trans fat that occurs in many healthy foods.


As obesity increased worldwide, interest grew in CLA as a potential weight loss treatment. In fact, CLA may be one of the most comprehensively studied weight loss supplement in the world. CLA has also been studied extensively in randomized controlled trials, the gold standard of scientific experimentation in humans — though with mixed results. Some studies indicate that CLA can cause significant fat loss in humans. It may also improve body composition by reducing body fat and increasing muscle mass.


Health benefits and risks of copper. Copper is an essential trace mineral necessary for survival. It is found in all body tissues and plays a role in making red blood cells and maintaining nerve cells and the immune system. It also helps the body form collagen and absorb iron, and plays a role in energy production.

The health benefits of copper include the proper growth of the body, efficient utilisation of iron, proper enzymatic reactions, as well as improved health of connective tissues, hair, and eyes. It is also integral to preventing premature ageing and increasing energy production. Apart from these, regulated heart rhythm, balanced thyroid glands, reduced symptoms of arthritis


Arthritis has emerged as one of the main reasons of disability among the elder people. The health benefits of copper are crucial for an overall healthy existence, as this mineral enables a normal metabolic process. It cannot be produced by the body and therefore needs to be added from external food sources. It is the third most prevalent mineral in the body and is mostly carried by the blood plasma protein, ceruloplasmin. In order to enjoy the health benefits, it must be included in the daily diet, as it is used up in daily bodily processes.



Creatine Ethyl Ester



Creatine Ethyl Ester (CEE) information, FAQ and product listing page. This page contains everything you need to know about Creatine Ethyl Ester.

Regular creatine monohydrate has been shown effective at increasing lean muscle mass, muscle strength and athletic performance. However, creatine monohydrate is absorbed poorly by the body. This means that more creatine monohydrate has to be taken to get the desired effect.

Creatine Ethyl Ester was developed to enhance the uptake of creatine, making the supplement more effective, with a considerably smaller dosage required. Creatine monohydrate is semi-lipopholic. This means that it inefficiently uses fat as a transport mechanism. The esterification of substances (in this case creatine monohydrate) will increase their lipopholic abilities, and thus esterified creatine will use fat more efficiently to permeate the cell wall and exert its effects upon cellular function than its unesterified creatine monohydrate counterpart.

Creatine Monohydrate


Creatine increases muscle availability as it increases the endurance of the cells in which energy is stored. This increases the level of muscular energy, promoting enhanced physical performance. Our 100% Micronised Creatine Monohydrate is HPLC tested and analysed for purity. Furthermore, it is Dicyandiamide free (DCD).


Creatine Monohydrate may:

• Increase Muscle Cell Volume
• Increase Explosive Power
• Increase Endurance
• Allow more Rapid Recovery


Chromium picolinate is the form of chromium commonly found in dietary supplements. It may be effective at improving the body's response to insulin or lowering blood sugar in those with diabetes. What's more, it may help reduce hunger, cravings and binge eating.

Some studies have shown that chromium supplements may be helpful for people with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance (pre diabetes). There’s good evidence that chromium can lower glucose levels and improve insulin sensitivity, although not all studies have shown a benefit. It may be that chromium works better if someone is chromium deficient, which is usually only seen if a person has poor overall nutrition. Other studies have also found that chromium may help with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is linked to insulin resistance.

D-Aspartic Acid


Aspartic acid, is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. Similar to all other amino acids it contains an amino group and a carboxylic acid. Testosterone is a well-known hormone that’s responsible for muscle building and libido. Because of this, people of all ages are looking for natural ways to increase this hormone.


One popular method is to take dietary supplements that may boost testosterone. These products often contain the amino acid D-aspartic acid. D-aspartic acid can increase the release of a hormone in the brain that will ultimately result in testosterone production. It also plays a role in increasing testosterone production and release in the testicles, and these functions are reasons why D-aspartic acid is popular

E - Vitamin E

Vitamin E is not a single vitamin, but rather a group of fat-soluble vitamins with antioxidant effects. Antioxidants fight free radicals, which are electrons that have broken off from an atom. Free radicals have been linked to a wide range of health conditions, from cancer to premature ageing.

Vitamin E oil is derived from vitamin E and can be applied directly to the skin, or added to lotions, creams, and gels. It is available for purchase in many health food stores and online. Many supporters of vitamin E oil argue that it is a potent antioxidant, but research on its benefits is mixed.


Vitamin E supplements may prevent coronary heart disease, support immune function, prevent inflammation, promote eye health, and lower the risk of cancer. However, the research on these benefits is varied, and vitamin E supplementation is not right for everyone.



Electrolytes are minerals that conduct electricity when dissolved in water. They’re distributed through the fluid in your body and use their electrical energy to facilitate important bodily functions.


Electrolytes are essential for:

  • Controlling your fluid balance.

  • Regulating your blood pressure.

  • Helping your muscles contract — including your heart.

  • Maintaining the correct acidity of your blood (pH).



Fenugreek is an herb similar to clover that is native to the Mediterranean region, southern Europe, and western Asia. The seeds are used in cooking, to make medicine, or to hide the taste of other medicine. Fenugreek seeds smell and taste somewhat like maple syrup. Fenugreek leaves are eaten in India as a vegetable.


Some men use fenugreek for hernia, erectile dysfunction (ED), male infertility, and other male problems. Both men and women use fenugreek to improve sexual interest.

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba, or maidenhair, is a tree native to China that has been grown for thousands of years for a variety of uses. Because it’s the only surviving member of an ancient order of plants, it's sometimes referred to as a living fossil. While its leaves and seeds are often used in traditional Chinese medicine, modern research primarily focuses on ginkgo extract, which is made from the leaves. Ginkgo supplements are associated with several health claims and uses, most of which focus on brain function and blood circulation.

Green Tea

Green tea supplements are often touted as a natural remedy for a number of health problems. The supplements contain green tea extract, a substance shown to be in rich in antioxidants. These antioxidants include epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which is considered to be the active constituent of green tea extract. Many green tea supplements also contain theanine, an amino acid thought to produce a calming effect.


Uses for Green Tea Supplements include:

  • Weight loss

  • Cancer prevention

  • Cancer treatment

  • Prevention of cardiovascular disease

  • Lowering of blood pressure


It is loaded with antioxidants and nutrients that have powerful effects on the body. These include improved brain function, fat loss, a lower risk of cancer and many other impressive benefits. Green Tea Increases Fat Burning and Improves Physical Performance

If you look at the ingredients list for any fat burning supplement, chances are that green tea will be on there. This is because green tea has been shown to increase fat burning and boost the metabolic rate, in human controlled trials.


Given that green tea can boost the metabolic rate in the short term, it makes sense that it could help you lose weight. Several studies show that green tea leads to decreases in body fat, especially in the abdominal area. One of these studies was a 12-week randomised controlled trial in 240 men and women. In this study, the green tea group had significant decreases in body fat percentage, body weight, waist circumference and belly fat.


A popular beverage ingredient, guarana (Paullinia cupana) is a plant native to northern Brazil and other regions of the Amazon. The fruit contains caffeine-rich seeds which have up to three times the amount of caffeine as coffee beans. The seeds are also rich in tannins and the stimulants theophylline and theobromine.


Said to boost mental alertness, fight fatigue, and increase stamina and physical performance, guarana is often found in sodas and energy drinks. The seed paste, syrup or extract is used to flavor these drinks as well as provide a source of caffeine. In Brazil, guarana drinks and are considered health "tonics" and are almost as popular as traditional cola-based sodas.

Proponents also claim that guarana may help to suppress appetite and promote weight loss. Guarana is used primarily as a stimulant due to its high caffeine content. A Journal of Psychopharmacology study found that guarana improved memory, mood, and alertness at low (37.5 mg, 75 mg) vs. higher (150 mg, 300 mg) doses.

Hoodia Gordonii

Hoodia Gordonii is now used as a weight loss aid. Because of its appetite suppressing properties it actually cuts down on the amount of caloriesconsumed, thus burning up the fat reserves of the body. Hoodia Gordonii extract is also thought to haveaphrodisiac qualities for men and women.

Formal research of hoodia goordonii began in the 1960’s but it wasn’t until 1977 when the active ingredient in hoodia responsible for appetite suppression, known as P57, was isolated by the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. P57 is an oxypregnane steroidal glycoside and increases the amount of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the body.

ATP is a nucleotide that, when broken down, releases energy for the body to use during metabolic processes. An elevated level of ATP will prompt the hypothalamus to send a signal to the brain to let you know you’ve had enough food by making you feel “full.” Hoodia operates by tricking the body into feeling full, which helps to curb appetite and reduce caloric intake. Glucose also raises ATP levels and suppresses appetite but, unlike glucose, P57 contains no calories.


K1 - Vitamin K1

Vitamin K and Heart Health. In addition to blood clotting and bone health, vitamin K also seems to play an important role in preventing heart disease. Vitamin K activates a protein that helps preventcalcium from depositing in your arteries.

Vitamin K refers to a group of fat-soluble vitamins that play a role in blood clotting, bone metabolism, and regulating blood calcium levels.

The body needs vitamin K to produce prothrombin, a protein and clotting factor that is important in blood clotting and bone metabolism. People who use blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin, or Coumadin, should not start consuming additional vitamin K without first asking a doctor.




L-carnitine is an amino acid that performs three very important functions that enhance athletic performance. It is THE nutrient, the "ferry" so to speak, that shuttles fatty acids from the blood into the mitochondria, the energy producing "furnaces" in the cells, so that the fatty acids can be used as energy. If you want to use fat as a fuel as efficiently and effectively as possible, you need l-carnitine.


It also helps improve endurance by inhibiting the build-up of lactic acid, one of the primary causes of fatigue, and has also been shown to reduce the accumulation of metabolic wastes during exercise. This helps increase workload output during exercise and enhancing recovery post-exercise.





Is valued primarily for its role in antioxidant production. Along with two other amino acids it is needed to make and replenish glutathione.

Glutathione is one of the body’s most important antioxidants, which helps neutralize free radicals that can damage cells and tissues in your body.

It’s essential for immune health and fighting cellular damage. Some researchers believe it may even contribute to longevity.

Its antioxidant properties are also important for combating numerous other ailments caused by oxidative stress, such as heart disease, infertility and some psychiatric conditions.


L-Glutamine is one of the most important nutrients for a healthy digestive tract because of its ability to maintain the integrity of the intestinal wall. This amino acid (in fact it’s the most abundant amino acid in the body) heals all tissue in the body, especially those irritated tissues in the digestive tract. It is also known as the calming amino acid since it’s very effective at reducing anxiety, as well as sugar and alcohol cravings. At Nutritional Weight & Wellness we always look for real food sources first. For this important amino acid, we’re lucky that all animal protein foods are great sources of glutamine.

The long list includes beef, bison, chicken, fish, free-range eggs, grass-fed dairy, lamb, pork and turkey. However, if you or someone in your family isn’t eating sufficient amounts of animal protein and/or has the above symptoms we recommend taking a glutamine supplement. 


Histidine is required for the growth and repair of tissues, red blood cell production, and protecting tissues from damage from radiation and heavy metals. It is especially necessary for the formation of myelin sheaths, which are layers surrounding nerves which enables faster transmission of signals to the brain. In both human and animal studies, histidine functioned in maintaining normal levels of hemoglobin, the protein responsible for delivering oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body.


This amino acid is especially important to serious athletes and body builders because its primary function in the body is to boost energy and help the body recover from strenuous physical activity. Isoleucine is an essential acid, which means that it cannot be manufactured in the body and must be obtained through dietary sources. Good sources of isoleucine include high-protein foods, such as nuts, seeds, meat, eggs, fish, lentils, peas, and soy protein. People that exercise a lot or that have a low-protein diet should consider supplementation.



Leucine is an amino acid that is used by the body mainly for building muscle and providing energy. It’s widely used to improve strength during exercise and muscle recovery times, which makes it a popular supplement among athletes and gym members.


Similarly to many other amino acids, leucine is found in many foods that are high in protein. Examples include meats (such as fish, chicken, and turkey), dairy products (such as yogurt and cheese), and soybeans. Other foods like eggs, nuts, seeds, and fruit also contain leucine, but to a lesser extent. Exercise leads to branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) breakdown, especially in the muscles . BCAAs help protein synthesis and prevent protein degradation, which in turn helps prevent muscle fatigue and soreness.




L-theanine is an amino acid that is found in tea leaves. It was identified in tea by Japanese scientists in 1949. While tea is the most common dietary source for L-theanine, this compound is also found in some types of mushrooms. In foods, particularly green tea, L-theanine is thought to be a source of umami, the savory, brothy taste. L-theanine is what’s known as an anxiolytic—it works to reduce anxiety. Some anxiolytics, such as valerian and hops, have sedative effects. L-theanine, on the other hand, promotes relaxation and stress reduction without sedating. L-theanine can help foster a state of calm, attentive wakefulness.


L-theanine has positive effects on both the mental and physical symptoms of stress, including lowering heart rate and blood pressure.

Research suggests that L-theanine can help reduce anxiety in people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.





L-Tyrosine is an amino acid found in the diet that is involved in producing catecholamines such as dopamine and adrenaline, specifically it is the amino acid that itself is metabolised to produce these neurotransmitters.


It is investigated as a supplement based on the idea that supplementing L-tyrosine will provide more 'building blocks' for these catecholamines to be produced and hopefully, indirectly, provide benefits secondary to them. As it is also structurally related to thyroid hormones meaning that, due to relations to both adrenaline and the thyroid, it is commonly found in fat loss supplements to a degree.


However some studies have noted that in stressful situations where the catecholamine known as noradrenaline exerts a protective effect during the stress, supplying some L-tyrosine seems to provide a 'safety buffer' of building blocks that can prolong the anti-stress effect of catecholamines by delaying their depletion.




L-valine is one of the 20 amino acids used to synthesize proteins in the human body, which are chemically known as proteinogenic amino acids. It is named for the valerian plant, from which valine was first derived. The DNA codons for L-valine are GUA, GUC, GUG and GUU. L-valine is non-polar and is one of three proteinogenic amino acids that have a branched chain, along with isoleucine and leucine. The most common uses of L-valine in health supplements relates to its role in muscle synthesis and maintenance. Additional uses of L-valine include stress management, growth in children and support of the immune system.




Magnesium plays a role in over 300 enzymatic reactions within the body, including the metabolism of food, synthesis of fatty acids and proteins, and the transmission of nerve impulses. The human body contains around 25 gram (g) of magnesium, 50 to 60 percent of which is stored in the skeletal system. The rest is present in muscle, soft tissues, and bodily fluids. Magnesium is one of seven essential macrominerals. These are minerals that need to be consumed in relatively large amounts, at least 100 milligrams (mg) per day. An adequate intake can help prevent problems with bones, the cardiovascular system, diabetes, and other functions.


Zinc is a naturally occurring mineral. Zinc is important for growth and for the development and health of body tissues. Zinc gluconate is used to treat and to prevent zinc deficiency. Zinc gluconate may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. Before using zinc gluconate, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, herbalist, or other healthcare provider. You may not be able to use zinc gluconate if you have certain medical conditions. Avoid taking this medication with foods that are high in calcium or phosphorus, which can make it harder for your body to absorb zinc gluconate.


Foods high in calcium or phosphorus include milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, dried beans or peas, lentils, nuts, peanut butter, beer, cola soft drinks, and hot cocoa. Zinc gluconate can make certain antibiotics less effective.


It is also used for boosting the immune system, improving growth and heath in zinc deficient infants and children, for treating the common cold and recurrent ear infections, the flu, upper respiratory tract infections, preventing and treating lower respiratory infections, swine flu, bladder infections, ringing in the ears, and severe head injuries. It is also used for malaria and other diseases caused by parasites.


Strong Antioxidant Properties May Reduce Disease Risk. Manganese is a part of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD), which is arguably one of the most important antioxidants in your body (6). Antioxidants help protect against free radicals, which are molecules that can cause damage to cells in your body.

The health benefits of manganese include healthy bones and better metabolism. It also acts as a co-enzyme to assist metabolic activities in the human body. Apart from these, there are other health benefits of manganese including the formation of connective tissues, absorption of calcium, proper functioning of the thyroid gland and sex hormones, regulation of blood sugar level, and proper metabolism of fats and carbohydrates.

Matcha Green Tea


  • Is packed with antioxidants including the powerful EGCg

  • Boosts metabolism and burns calories

  • Detoxifies effectively and naturally

  • Calms the mind and relaxes the body

  • Is rich in fiber, chlorophyll and vitamins

  • Enhances mood and aids in concentration

  • Provides vitamin C, selenium, chromium, zinc and magnesium

  • Prevents disease

  • Lowers cholesterol and blood sugar




Molybdenum is an essential mineral found in high concentrations in legumes, grains and organ meats. It activates enzymes that help break down harmful sulfites and prevent toxins from building up in the body. Molybdenum works in the body to break down proteins and other substances. Molybdenum deficiency is very uncommon.



The body needs these nutrients for reproduction, maintenance, growth and regulation of bodily processes. Multivitamins may contain many of these vitamins and minerals, but in varying forms and amounts. They can also contain other ingredients like herbs, amino acids and fatty acids.



Omega Fish Oil


Omega 3-6-9 combines fish oil with flaxseed oil and starflower oil to help you to obtain sufficient quantities of essential fatty acids in a contaminant free, pure form. Essential Fatty Acids are considered essential as they cannot be made by the body and have to be consumed within the diet. The government recommends eating two portions of fish a week, one of which should be oily fish, however this can be difficult for some and therefore taking a supplement can be extremely beneficial.

There are three main omega-3s – EPA, DHA and ALA. EPA and DHA are the primary omega-3s you need to support heart health and can be found in fatty fish and omega-3 supplements.

Differences between EPA, DHA and ALA

ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) is a true “essential” omega-3 because our bodies can’t make it on its own. We need to get ALA from our diet by consuming ALA-rich foods like flax and chia seeds. ALA is a precursor to EPA and DHA, but the conversion rate in our bodies is extremely low – often less than 1 percent of ALA is converted to EPA and DHA. 

The long-chain omega-3s EPA and DHA are known for supporting heart, brain and eye health at all stages of life. In fact, our heart, brain and eyes contain the highest omega-3 content compared to other parts of the human body.

The human body does not produce significant amounts of EPA or DHA on its own, so you must get these important nutrients from the foods you eat and the supplements you consume. If you’re looking to get the heart health benefits of omega-3s, go straight to the source of EPA and DHA. EPA and DHA are naturally found in marine sources, including fatty fish – salmon, tuna, mackerel, herring – shellfish, and marine algae.


Potassium is a mineral and an electrolyte. It helps your muscles work, including the muscles that control your heartbeat and breathing. Potassium comes from the food you eat. Your body uses the potassium it needs. The extra potassium that your body does not need is removed from your blood by your kidneys.

Fruit and vegetables are full of vitamins, minerals and fibre to keep your body in good condition. They a great source of potassium, which helps to balance out the negative effects of salt and lower your blood pressure.

To reap the benefit of more potassium in your life, try to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables every day. (A portion is about the same size as your closed fist.) Not only will this help to lower your blood pressure, it will also help you to avoid certain cancers, bowel problems and even heart attacks or strokes.


Good sources of potassium include: potatoes, sweet potatoes, bananas, tomato sauce (without added salt or sugar), orange juice, tuna (fresh, frozen or tinned, but avoid tuna packed in brine), yoghurt and fat-free milk.


Though you may have never heard of selenium, this amazing nutrient is vital to your health. Selenium is an essential mineral, meaning it must be obtained through your diet. It is only needed in small amounts, but plays a major role in important processes in the body like metabolism and thyroid function.

Antioxidants are compounds in foods that prevent cell damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are normal byproducts of processes like metabolism that occur in your body on a daily basis. They often get a bad rap, but free radicals are actually essential for health. They perform important functions, including protecting the body from disease.

However, things like smoking, alcohol use and stress can cause an excess of free radicals. This leads to oxidative stress, which damages healthy cells. Oxidative stress has been linked to chronic diseases like heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease and cancer, as well as premature ageing and the risk of stroke.



Taurine is found abundantly in healthy bodies.6 However, certain diets, particularly vegetarian or vegan diets, lack adequate amounts of taurine. Disease states—including liver, kidney, or heart failure, diabetes, and cancer—can all cause a deficiency in taurine, and aging bodies often cannot internally produce an optimal amount of taurine, making supplementation vital. That’s why those interested in longevity should consider this vital and super low-cost nutrient. In this article, you’ll learn how boosting taurine levels can contribute to better cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurologic health.



Tribulus Terrestris



Tribulus terrestris is plant that's covered with spines. It is also called puncture vine. People use the fruit, leaf, or root of the tribulus plant as medicine. Some formulations also include other ingredients. Used as a powerful sexual tonic, Tribulus tops the charts of herbal Viagra. Studies have shown that this herb elevates the luteinising hormone (LH), increasing the levels of free testosterone in healthy males.


This in turn could increase sexual desire and libido, and improve the quality of sperm whilst making it more nimble, in some cases it might help to remedy erectile dysfunction and it has been proven to be helpful in cases of premature ejaculation. One of the main compounds of this herb is a phytochemical known as "protodioscin", with one study showing it helps to boost nitric oxide production.


Nitric Oxide is an essential element of an erection, enabling the smooth muscles of the penis to relax, allowing uninterrupted blood to flow to this area. Tribulus will stimulate the production of sex hormones without affecting other bodily systems. As a bodybuilding or training supplement, Tribulus is hard to beat. It contains one steroidal saponin in particular – protodioscin – which is thought to be the active nutrient responsible for this herbs popularity amongst athletes.


Specifically, protodioscin promotes the release of nitric oxide which in turn increases the flow of oxygen rich blood to muscles, and enables better use of nutrients such as protein. At the same time protodioscin stimulates the pituitary gland resulting in it producing LH, thus promoting higher testosterone levels. As well as contributing to a boost in testosterone levels, Tribulus Terrestris can also help to increase stamina during a workout as well as aiding post workout muscle recovery.

Zinc Gluconate

Zinc is a naturally occurring mineral. Zinc is important for growth and for the development and health of body tissues. Zinc gluconate is used to treat and to prevent zinc deficiency. Zinc gluconate may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. Before using zinc gluconate, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, herbalist, or other healthcare provider. You may not be able to use zinc gluconate if you have certain medical conditions. Avoid taking this medication with foods that are high in calcium or phosphorus, which can make it harder for your body to absorb zinc gluconate.


Foods high in calcium or phosphorus include milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, dried beans or peas, lentils, nuts, peanut butter, beer, cola soft drinks, and hot cocoa. Zinc gluconate can make certain antibiotics less effective. It is also used for boosting the immune system, improving growth and heath in zinc deficient infants and children, for treating the common cold and recurrent ear infections, the flu, upper respiratory tract infections, preventing and treating lower respiratory infections, swine flu, bladder infections, ringing in the ears, and severe head injuries. It is also used for malaria and other diseases caused by parasites.